Listen to the footsteps towards Henan agricultural province
in mid January, the Central Plains of the about 80000000 acres of wheat is growing, ten thousand fertile fields full of green.
“ in the next five years to achieve ‘ agricultural modernization of the country's leading ’ ‘ building a strong province of modern agriculture ’ target. ” Henan provincial Party Secretary Xie Fuzhan. Governor Chen Runer stressed in the seventh meeting of the Henan Provincial People's Congress, to deepen the “ three rural ” reform and development, and promote agricultural quality and efficiency and increase the income of farmers.
this is breeding place of hope, the reporter how solidly sit tight &ldquo on Henan; China granary ” visited, the farmers' income growth, why continuous rural environmental problems such as how to continuously improve.
agricultural efficiency: steady improvement of grain production capacity, adjust and optimize the production structure, the construction of modern agriculture
has been, Henan province to safeguard national food security on the shoulder of the basic political responsibility, earnestly implement the national grain storage in the land, the Tibetan grain in the technical strategy, to the production capacity of arable land, to science and technology to production capacity. 2016, the province's grain production reached 118 billion 932 million pounds, over a period of over one hundred billion pounds over the past 11 years, is the history of the year of second high-yield.
“ Henan 1/16 national arable land, production of the country's 1/4, 1/10 of wheat grain, in addition to meet the demand for food and processing enterprises, 100 million of the population demand for raw materials, each year to the country with more than 40 billion pounds of grain and manufactured goods. ” national wheat industry technology system post scientist, Henan Agricultural University professor Guo Tiancai introduction, the status of Henan in the national grain production can not be replaced.
over the years, Henan continued to promote the construction of a high standard grain, grain production capacity has emboldened. Last year, the new high standard grain of 7 million 550 thousand acres, completed a total of 53 million 570 thousand acres. At the same time, to strengthen water conservancy construction, improve the level of mechanization and technology, realize the integration of improved matching of agricultural machinery and agronomic, promote green food with high yield and high efficiency, build a modern agricultural development mode. “ a Hanlaobaoshou TON-GRAIN FIELD, coupled with advanced technology support, to Henan in 2020 to reach 130 billion tons of grain production capacity commitment is the guarantee. ” Guo Tiancai representation.
“ know how to farm scientifically, how can you increase production. ” Huaxian million large grain Du Huanyong said, through the soil testing formula fertilization, fertilizer less investment, food production. 43 year old Du Huanyong served as the power of agricultural technology. It is understood that last year, Henan province cumulative promotion test fertilization area soil formula of 93 million 400 thousand mu, Mu reduce unreasonable fertilizer 1.24 kg.
how to improve the efficiency of agriculture? Yanjin county also gives the answer, the county's strong gluten wheat 500 thousand acres. The Yellow River acres of arable land belonging to the original area of arable land, so that local farmers really benefit. “ the yield of strong gluten wheat and common wheat, but the price per kilogram than high 1 hair money, now kind of wheat is more and more full of energy. ” Zhang Wenming, a farmer from Ping Ling village, Yanjin county.
Henan has been working hard to promote the structural reform of agricultural supply side. Last year, the province's grain acreage steady at 70 million acres, of which corn acreage decrease over the previous year, soybean area increased significantly over the previous year, millet, sweet potato and other drought resistant crops planting adaptability has been expanded, and further optimize the structure of the autumn planting. This year, Henan province will be “ four and four ” as the focus, facing the diversified needs of the market, change from the bulk of ordinary agricultural product development to the development of high-quality wheat, peanut, high quality livestock, high-quality fruit, change the area from the decentralized management, extensive management, low processing to the layout, business scale, production the standardization and development direction of industrialization.
increasing farmers' Income: strengthening farmers' vocational training, activating rural assets and increasing farmers' income
since the beginning of 2012, Henan province to cultivate new professional farmers, so that farmers become the main force in the construction of modern agriculture. “ Luoyang through the farmer field school for local farmers to participate in the study, in school, in learning, combining the teaching process and the production process, the farming season, to promote the adjustment of agricultural structure and the development of new business entities and occupation farmer entrepreneurship and innovation. ” Ma Huili, President of Luoyang agricultural university.
last year, Henan Province identified nearly 30 thousand new professional farmers, a total of more than 5 people arranged to cultivate. Xiayi County Wang Fei through the new occupation farmer training project, a systematic study of agricultural technology and management, and become a leader in the development of local agriculture. “ in addition to solve who get a space, enhance the comprehensive quality through training, new occupation farmer will be faster and better application of agricultural science and technology, but also become a practical new technology and new concept of agricultural leader. &rdquo, director of science and Education Department of Henan Provincial Department of agriculture, said Hu Ruozhe.
Henan province has been cultivating new type of agricultural management main body, improve the agricultural social service system. “ new business entities attach importance to the market, reduce the blindness of planting, but also reduce investment, increase revenue. ” Lankao County, Yang Chongya, director of professional cooperatives, said. Currently, all kinds of new types of agricultural management in Henan reached 20, operating an area of 16 million 660 thousand acres of arable land.
the development of new agricultural business entities, but also accelerate the speed of land transfer, and promote the reform process of the three rights separation. Currently, 120 million acres of arable land in the province, has been transferred to 39 million 130 thousand acres. “ rural land contract management rights and ownership registration of land ownership and land use right is indeed the right registration certification work smoothly, the construction of rural collective land ownership certification, family contract to 80% households, the certificate is issued order. ” Henan Provincial Department of agriculture responsible person.
Henan province also launched the first home base class a reclamation coupons auction to 300 thousand yuan per mu “ cap price ” turnover. Linying county to carry out “ land bank ” pilot, financing support for new agricultural business entities 243 million yuan. Actively carry out “ two ” mortgage pilot, explore “ resource assets, fund shares, farmers become shareholders ” mode, make an inventory of assets, increase farmers' property income. At the same time, Henan has also improved the conversion rate of agricultural products through the upgrading of the quality of agricultural products, products and brands, and increased the operating income of farmers.
rural more beautiful: improve rural infrastructure, so that farmers live in rural areas more comfortable
“ through the launch of the villagers to raise funds will be buried after the completion of the garbage pit to build an area of 10 acres of the village square, the square has become a good place for the villagers fitness entertainment. ” Yongcheng city Liu Zhuang village Party branch secretary Wang Zixiao said that after the change of the rural living environment, sports and entertainment facilities, the masses support point praise.
Henan province by continuing to carry out comprehensive improvement of rural living environment, focusing on the implementation of the rural flow, environment purification, greening, lighting, rural village of rural culture five projects, accelerate the pace of creating green village, building a number of beautiful livable Town, beautiful countryside.
last year, Henan province to speed up the construction of rural infrastructure, the province's new county roads and rural roads 1.3 million km, completed 1 million rural residents “ low voltage ” governance, further improve the safety of drinking water in the village of the 1083 administrative villages, the transformation of rural dilapidated houses 150 thousand. Today's rural areas in Henan, the road widened, the voltage is more stable, more safe drinking water.